When melanin is overproduced, hyperpigmentation arises. The production of melanin is natural but the overproduction of melanin in specific areas can be a major problem. Since you are looking to possibly fade out hyperpigmentation, it is vital to know that the pigmentation varies in colour, size and shape. It is also linked to excess sun exposure, genetics, hormonal factors an skin injuries.

People of colour are more prone to hyperpigmentation because of the connect to high melanin production. The skin on our bodies is unlikely to be completely even naturally - no matter what race we are. Skin tone varies due to genetics and sun exposure; if your family members have significant hyperpigmentation or you spend a lot of time outside in direct sunlight, you are more likely to have stubborn hyperpigmentation. Most people will even it out with makeup or even bleaching creams.

Most bleaching creams that are on the market are not only illegal but dangerous. They are often used to lighten the natural skin tone and contain life-threatening amounts of bleaching agents. Dermatologists have the skills to measure the correct amount of bleaching agents to clear stubborn hyperpigmentation. Your skin is a vital organ and illegal bleaching creams damage it - often beyond repair.

Types of hyperpigmentation

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • Sunspots
  • Melasma

How can hyperpigmentation be treated?

  • Chemical peel.
  • Laser treatment.
  • Microdermabrasion and dermabrasion.
  • Retinoids.
  • Prescribed topical treatments.
  • Broad spectrum SPF.

The type of treatment that will be most effective will depend on your unique skin type needs. You will also have to decide together with Dr Ayanda Motau which would be the most for both of you. Previous skin damage and your medical history also play a vital role in the treatment you need. Every day habits like wearing sunscreen go a long way, so post-treatment advice and dermatological skin care is what will keep your skin clear and free of hyperpigmentation.